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Wednesday, March 9, 2011

What You Need To Start Your Saltwater Aquarium

Now that you know you want to start up a freshwater aquarium, you need to know what is required to do so.

Starting up a saltwater aquarium can be a bit pricey but I can help you save a little bit of money by giving you some tips.

Here are the necessities that you need to start up your marine aquarium:

1) Saltwater Aquarium
If you have an aquarium that you previously used for a freshwater aquarium you can use that old aquarium; make sure to wash it thoroughly before you use it. If you are in need of a good quality saltwater aquarium there are some aquariums that you can purchase that are specifically designed to be a saltwater aquarium.

2) Aquarium stand.
If you also have this from the previous aquarium that you owned, then you can save by using your old one. If you need a new aquarium stand, check out the link above for all different sizes and shapes.

3) Submersible heater
You will need a submersible heater. Most freshwater aquariums use heaters. If you already have a submersible heater then you will need to use it.

Again, If you had this with a previous tank, then it would be an additional savings. If you need one, check out the above link.

5) lighting: There are three types of lighting that you can use. Depending on the type of aquarium  you would like to have will decide what type of lighting you need to purchase.

-fluorescent light (fish only). These are to be used in fish only marine aquariums.

-High-Intensity Fluorescent Light (mini-reef only) This type of light is the cheapest to run and will also "feed" your mini-reefs.

- Metal halide light (mini-reef only) This light is the best light to use but does require a fan to keep the lighting cool. This lighting is also costly to run since the reefs do require a lot of lighting to stay alive. The fan also requires electricity.

6) Filter. There are two different types of filters you may use but each one has pros and cons. Check out the links to find out which filter best suits your needs.

-canister filter- - Canister filters are the most efficient in filtering saltwater aquariums as they don't clog like power filters do and they pump out more water than a power filter.

-hang-on filter-The hang-on filter is known for its simplicity but does not chemically and biogoically filter the water.

7) Wet/dry filter system

8 ) gravel vacuum, brushes, algae magnet, nets, etc... You can use these type of items in your saltwater tank as long as you make sure to wash everything off before using it.

9) Powerheads for Saltwater. Powerheads are used to circulate the water in the aquarium. It also helps prevent the growth of algae.

10)Protein Skimmer. Protein skimmers are used to remove debris from the water. This is different from a filter in the fact that the protein skimmer catches the junk that the filter doesn't. This is a definite must for a saltwater aquarium.

11)Reverse Osmosis Water Purifier System. You need a reverse osmosis water purifier to get rid of the toxins that are passed through in your faucet. This process purifies the water for your aquarium.

12) Sea salt mix. Sea salt mix is important to use to get the right balance of sea salt in your aquarium.

13)Hydrometer . The hydrometer is a great tool to measure the salinity of the water. It is always important to have the correct amount of salt in the tank at all times.

14)crushed coral or aragonite and rockwork. The crushed coral acts as a buffer for the water and also changes the water hardness. It also adds a slight amount of calcium into the water.

15) Saltwater Master Test Kit. This a very important thing to have since you will need to take nitrate, nitrite, ph, and ammonia measurements on a weekly basis to make sure everything is in tip top shape.

16) Calcium
and trace elements (mini-reef only). Calcium is needed to sustain reefs as well as the trace elements.

17) UV sterilizer (optional) The UV sterilizer can be used for both freshwater and saltwater aquariums. It prevents "green water", bacterial disease, and clears the water without using any types of chemicals.

All this can be quite overwhelming and may be a bit confusing but it all comes together to form a beautiful aquarium. If you need any further information on any of the above supplies, please feel free to e-mail me or leave a comment and I will be more than happy to assist you. :)